On Tuesday, Prime Minister David Cameron, the first British prime minister to visit the island in 14 years, announced a £25m deal to build a prison in Jamaica so that 300 incarcerated Jamaicans, currently in the UK, can be sent home to serve sentences on the island. Immediately after the news Jamaicans, irritated and outraged, took to social media to condemn the deal and PM Portia Simpson. Jamaicans described the deal as a slap in the face following calls for reparations from UK.
Jamaica snubbed a prisoner transfer deal in 2007
This is not the first time the UK approached Jamaica with a transfer agreement. In 2014, the Daily Mail reported in that the Ministry of Justice in the United Kingdom had made repeated attempts at trying to persuade successive Jamaican governments to allow more than 737 prisoners at the time to be returned to the island to serve sentences for crimes committed in the UK. Though voluntary agreement to allow prisoner transfers was signed in 2007, seven years later it was still not been ratified by the Jamaican parliament.
Fast Forward to 2015: UK to contributes £25-m to build a prison in Jamaica
On Tuesday, BBC News reported that UK is contributing about 40%, or £25 million, of the cost of building the planned jail, which would hold 1,500 to 2000 people.
On Wednesday morning, The Ministry of National Security issued a release outlining the £25 million deal.
The signed non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) states that the UK will contribute an additional £5.5 million towards the reintegration and resettlement of prisoners. Clearly, Jamaican taxpayers will have to foot the balance of the funding — roughly $6 billion Jamaican dollars. The Jamaican Prime Minister has yet to explain why she has accepted such a deal, or how her administration plan on maintaining the planned prison house. What ultimatum did PM Cameron give her? Even if the UK to provide the full economic cost for the construction of this facility, the maintenance cost would still be exorbitant.
“Provision would be made for up to three hundred Jamaicans serving prison sentences in the UK, and subject to deportation at the end of their sentences, to be transferred to this new prison to complete their sentences” the release read.
— Dayton Lawton (@daytonlawton) September 30, 2015
Key features of the MOU, as outlined by the National Security Ministry
Some important elements of the MOU are:
The Government of the UK has committed to a grant of Twenty Five Million British Pounds for the construction of the new facility and a further Five and a Half Million British Pounds towards the reintegration and resettlement of prisoners. At current exchange rates these commitments equate to approximately Five and a Half Billion Jamaican Dollars.
The Jamaican Parliament would have to pass framework legislation to allow for a prisoner transfer agreement to be signed with the UK. It is anticipated that every prisoner transfer request under the new legislation and agreement would be subject to both an administrative and judicial review process in Jamaica.
The balance of the funding for the new prison will have to be identified by the GOJ and could include proceeds from the disposal of the Tower Street Correctional Centre and St Catherine District Adult Correctional Centre.
Proposed Benefits to Jamaica:
There are substantial benefits that would accrue to Jamaica:
This new facility would allow the Department of Correctional Services to abandon the 17th and 19th century prisons that house thousands of Jamaican prisoners – most of whom are not hardened criminals – in harsh, overcrowded and dilapidated facilities.
The new facility will be designed and constructed with a focus on rehabilitation, which should reduce the high rates of recidivism that now occur. It will benefit from modern architectural design and equipment that will increase both security and operational efficiency.
Downtown Kingston will have the opportunity for a large greenfield redevelopment on the thirty acres of waterfront land now occupied by the prison. A similar opportunity for redevelopment would be provided in Spanish Town.
If this move will save UK taxpayers £10 million per year as reported — which is the aim — how much do you think it will cost us, a struggling country whose total debt as of March 31, 2015 stood at J$1.85 trillion?
Jamaicans are to serve the full extent of their sentences there for whatever crimes they committed in the UK. We consider it the responsibility of the UK authorities to pay for their imprisonment. Currently, more than 600 Jamaican nationals are in UK jails but cannot be deported because of Jamaica’s poor prison conditions. Jamaicans make up the third largest number of foreign nationals in UK jails, after Polish and Irish.
It’s worth noting: last month, National Security Minister Peter Bunting announced that the Government was looking to build a new maximum-security facility in the next three to five years that could cost $10 billion to accommodate between 1,500 and 2,000 prisoners.